B - The Personality, Ego Structures and Holes
The personality is a blend of authenticity and ego. Our true nature expresses itself through them both, in varying proportions (depending on our current mood and our overall level of development):
As stated earlier, different areas of our consciousness have different functions, i.e. the head, heart and belly centres are specialised for thoughts, emotions and instincts respectively. Each of these fields of consciousness has numerous sub-areas, each with its own specific abilities. We utilise the area of consciousness that is most appropriate for our immediate requirements. If the required area contains ego structures we will react with the pre-programmed behaviours and false qualities of the ego-personality, but if the area is free and clear we will respond with authenticity.
The degree of authentic personality we are able to express is proportional to the number of ego structures we have. Our true-nature shines out from the core of our being through our personality. If the personality is full of ego structures the light of our true-nature is blocked, so our expression is inauthentic. If, however, the personality is clear of ego structures, the light of our true-nature radiates freely and our personality sparkles with the authenticity of our being. As our consciousness evolves, the ratio of ego to Self gradually shifts in favour of the Self. The degree of authentic personality we actually express in any given moment also depends upon our mood, energy level, health and circumstances.
Figure 4: The Continuum of Self
So what exactly is the authentic personality? Our true-Self's field of consciousness (our soul) is pure awareness with an inherent array of essential qualities (love, joy, strength, will, peace, compassion, curiosity, creativity, etc.). These aspects of consciousness are called essential qualities because they are the essence of who we truly are. During childhood the soul's essential qualities gradually permeate down into the personality where they unfold and develop into usable personal qualities which constitute our authentic personality:
Different areas within these three primary fields of consciousness have more specialised functions. For example, we utilise a different area of our heart's consciousness to express compassion than we do to express joy, and a different area still to express courage, and so on. But each area of consciousness, no matter where it is located and what its function is, contains all three types of personal consciousness (mental, emotional and physical).
Each personal quality unfolds at a different time in our childhood, for example Strength starts to develop at about 9 months and Will at about 2 years. But the conditions must be just right for a personal quality to develop optimally. Parents must provide a safe and loving environment for their children, set healthy boundaries with the right balance of freedom and control, and avoid sending mixed messages that might confuse the child's world view.
Our young and undeveloped personal consciousness needs verification that our understanding of reality is correct, so we seek validation from our parents and/or caregivers. If the feedback we receive contradicts or conflicts with our own innocent perceptions and conceptions, the emergent aspect of personal consciousness may not develop properly or fully. This is because the mental confusion and emotional turmoil interfere with the natural unfoldment of the personal quality.
Here are some examples of common parental responses that contradict and invalidate a child's perceptions of reality. They negated our world view and they negated our true sense of self:
If the distress is intense or persistent, that aspect of consciousness may freeze and stop developing altogether. Generally speaking, the more intense or prolonged the fear and confusion, the less the personal qualities unfold.
Even as adults, fear and confusion can cause us to temporarily freeze – physically or psychologically. When we were young and innocent the effect was much more intense, so even a relatively minor event such as being shouted at could have had an overwhelming effect. Mental confusion, emotional turmoil and physical distress reinforce and validate each other in a feedback loop (see Figure 5), thus increasing the overall fear and trauma. All three elements of the developing personality (Mind, Heart and Body) are affected so the area of consciousness is engulfed by fear.
The traumatised area of consciousness is literally frozen with fear. It is frozen in time and space, so it remains at the age it was at the time of the trauma, and it has a definite location within our body. The piece of consciousness freezes at the peak intensity of the fear, so it "lives" in constant fear.
Figure 5: The Vicious Circle of Fear
The ego-mind (the part of the mind controlled by the ego-self) creates a protective thought-form structure around the frozen piece of consciousness to protect the rest of our ego-self from being overwhelmed by its trauma, fear and confusion, but in doing so we exile that piece of us. The exiled part feels like it has been imprisoned in hell for eternity. It feels like hell because it is always experiencing the peak intensity of fear, and it feels like eternity because it is literally frozen in time. A defensive structure is often created nearby and programmed to act as a guard to prevent our conscious awareness from getting anywhere near the exiled part. The pain, fear and confusion have been repressed. They have been buried deep within our subconscious and may be completely forgotten.
Soon we begin to notice the lack of the personal quality (the one that was unfolding at the time of the trauma). We need to utilise its functionality in our daily lives but it is not available to us, or is insufficiently developed for our needs. There is a "hole" in our being, so the protective structure is programmed to take on the functionality of the lacking personal quality, or support the functionality of a poorly developed personal quality. A lack of essential Strength, for example, affects our courage and makes us feel vulnerable, so we develop ego structures to provide us with false strength. A lack of essential Will results in anxiety, so we develop false will (will-power) to compensate for the lack of the essential quality. These ego structures are coping mechanisms and survival mechanisms that help us to get through life without certain personal qualities. Our strategy for life has shifted from authentic experience and expression to defending and surviving.
The functionality of the ego structures can never match up to the real thing because they are crudely constructed inferior copies of exquisite essential qualities. This is not surprising because most of our ego structures were first created when we were 6 months to 6 years of age. They were created by an immature and inexperienced mind. So not only are they poor reproductions, they are often immature, inappropriate or even dysfunctional. As we get older, it is possible to refine and develop our ego structures. Ego structures build up in layers like the rings in a tree-trunk – it doesn't matter how highly polished the outer layer is, the frightened infantile core remains buried within. Some people put a lot of time and effort into refining and polishing their personality to help them succeed in life, but that is just masking over the symptoms and ignoring the root of the problem.
Ego structures also form in response to not being fully seen, being ignored, being seen as limited or inadequate, or being misunderstood. These perceptions give rise to false beliefs that we are unimportant, inadequate or have to behave in a certain way to fit in. An ego structure is created around the false belief and programmed to compensate the false belief. If, for example, the false belief is "children should be seen and not heard", we might create an ego structure that restricts our natural expression and makes us introverted.
False and distorted beliefs are also commonly copied from parents. If, for example your father believes that "you have to work hard to succeed in life" and he demonstrates that, or even just says it a lot, there is a good chance the child will take on that belief and develop a distorted work ethic or become a workaholic. It is also common for us to rebel against our parents' beliefs and behaviours, in which case we adopt the opposite belief or behaviour.
These processes occurred countless times during the development of our personal consciousness, so our ego developed in a modular fashion. As the number of ego structures increased they became interconnected and formed a complex super-structure (the ego). As the super-structure expanded and became more "solid", our false sense of self developed and solidified – and the ego was born.
Since then the ego has grown, stabilised, developed and evolved to help us cope with life's events. Individual coping structures are often updated as we grow older and become more capable. New layers build up like the rings of a tree trunk (refer to Figure 6). The older and more capable outer layers often assume secondary roles of protecting the younger inner layers. Guarding structures don't normally require updating, so they usually remain at the age they were created.
Figure 6: Layers of an Individual Ego Structure Figure 7: Layers of the Entire Ego Super-Structure
Collectively, the entire ego builds up in the same manner as an individual ego structure, with the false-self at its core (refer to Figure 7). The false-self is self-centred; it is the centre of our ego and the centre of our inner-world. But its awareness is usually focussed at the periphery of the ego, because that is where the most capable coping structures are located, because it is far away from the deeply repressed exiles' pain, and because it can get external validation from the outside world.
Every ego is unique and utilises different strategies to help us survive and even thrive in the world we live in. So it is important not to think of the ego as a negative construct that must be purged from our psyche. Although when it no longer serves us it will begin to dissolve naturally. This book is about assisting this natural process, through conscious inner work.
Inner work is not like regular work that requires effort; in fact it is exactly the opposite. Inner work requires us to stop efforting, stop trying, stop seeking, stop grasping, stop clinging, stop resisting, stop fearing, stop over-reacting and stop doing. All it requires us to "do" is just Be. In requires us to become a Human Being instead of a Human Doing.
Different Types of Ego Structures
Different types of ego structures require different approaches to healing and reintegration:
1. Protective Structures: are not (usually) created to protect distressed exiled parts of our being; they are created to protect us from the distressed exiled parts of our being. They protect the ego-self from becoming overwhelmed by preventing us from getting close to distressed exiled parts. The protection comes in two forms:
Origin: Protective structures are created out of fear – either direct fear from a traumatic situation, or indirect fear because our concept of reality and/or self was thrown into doubt by the unempathic or invalidating feedback we received. False Beliefs: Protective structures are built on the false belief that we cannot cope with feeling the distress of the exiled part, so a protective part is programmed to (falsely) believe that the exiled part is a threat. While this may have been true at the time of the original trauma (when we were a young child) it is certainly not true now. The protective structure was created and programmed at the time of the original trauma so it is made out of very young consciousness and it probably still (falsely) believes that we are a young child.
Healing: A protective structure will not relax and reintegrate until the perceived threat is gone, i.e. until the exiled part has been healed and reintegrated. But the protective structure probably won't even let us near the exiled part until we reassure it that we are a loving, caring and capable adult with good intentions.
2. Coping Structures: are programmed to take on the functionality of undeveloped personal qualities (that were not transposed from the soul's inherent essential qualities). They help us to function in the world without our authentic personal qualities. Origin: Coping structures are created out of a perceived deficiency – to replace a missing or undeveloped quality.
False Belief: Coping structures are built on the false belief that we have lost a part of our soul essence ("soul loss"), but actually we have just lost awareness of it. When we lose awareness of an essential quality it stops unfolding in our personality, so we create an ego structure around the "hole" in our being and program it to take on the functionality of the "lost" part.
Healing: When we stop defending against feeling a hole and actually allow ourselves to fully feel it, we discover that it doesn't feel like a deficiency at all; it feels like spaciousness – not unpleasant at all. When we allow this spaciousness to be (i.e. accept its existence and feel it without any resistance), we re-discover the "missing" essential quality. We realise that it has been there all along. This reactivates the process that transposes the essential quality into a usable personal quality, so the "hole" fills up with the authentic personal quality.
More about Holes
We create all sorts of reasons to explain the inner pain, anxiety, anger, depression and discontent we feel about these holes in our being. We (incorrectly) believe that we are anxious about a job interview or depressed about a relationship breakup, but we are not. These are not the real reasons; we are just projecting our inner suffering onto an external event because the ego needs to justify the negative feelings. Blaming our suffering on an external cause absolves the ego of any responsibility and diverts our attention away from the true cause. External events don't actually make us anxious, angry or depressed; they just trigger the deeply repressed emotions we have about the "lost" parts of our being and our "lost" connection to Self.
We attempt to avoid feeling our pain and discontent by:
We believe we are trying to solve an external problem, so we think these external solutions will work. But the real source of our discontent is internal, so only an internal solution will work. The real source of our dissatisfaction is our lack of wholeness – we are full of "holes" so we don't feel whole. The only way we can find lasting fulfilment is to fully feel our holes and allow the "missing" qualities to manifest. This cannot happen while we keep "doing" things to avoid feeling our holes and keep trying to fill them with "objects".
When we experience the loss or separation of a loved one, we don't feel sad because we miss them; we feel sad because our relationship with them has ended, and the relationship helped to fill a "hole" in our heart essence. The relationship helped to mask the pain of our "lost" essence. Now that they are gone, the relationship can no longer fill the hole or mask our pain, so we feel our inherent pain, sadness and grief. The same thing occurs, to a lesser extent, with the loss of objects.
When we actually allow ourselves to feel a hole fully (from the inside), we discover that it doesn't feel like a deficiency at all; it feels like spaciousness or pure potential. When we allow this spaciousness to be (i.e. accept its existence and feel it without any resistance), we re-discover the "missing" essential quality and realise that it has been there all along. This reactivates the process that transposes the essential quality into a usable personal quality. So the "hole" fills up with the authentic personal quality.
Another Type of Hole
The self can move around our field of consciousness (which extends beyond the physical body) at will. When the self drifts out of the body we enter a trance-state. The self is not present, so we feel absent, detached, dissociated, spaced-out, sleepy or dreamy. We can use this as a subconscious defence mechanism to avoid feeling psychological pain or distress.
The same process occurs, but much faster, when we are startled or shocked. Our self "jumps" out of body (and immediately back in again) to protect us from feeling the peak intensity of the anticipated trauma. When a psychological trauma is accompanied by a sudden shock, the piece of traumatised consciousness is not only frozen; it is ejected from the body. The self's fear freezes the piece of consciousness and simultaneously carries it out of the body, when it "jumps". The self returns to the body a fraction of a second later, but the traumatised piece of consciousness can get left behind – floating in the aura, just outside the body. This actually leaves a hole in the psyche (mind, emotions and energy). The ego's standard coping mechanism then comes into play – the hole is encased in an ego structure which is programmed it to take on the functionality of the "lost" part). Ejected parts are responsible for some of the "voices" that people hear. These free-floating exiles can be healed and reintegrated in one of two ways:
Freedom from the Ego
Thought-forms are typically short-lived; without concentrated effort and energy to sustain them they quickly dissolve. The same applies to our ego (which is just a very elaborate thought-form); without energy, effort and constant reinforcement it will gradually dissolve. However, we (falsely) believe that we are our ego, so we will do everything we can to prevent our "self" from dissolving.
When external events conflict with or invalidate part of our inner model of reality, our psychological structures weaken because the foundations they are built upon, our false or distorted core beliefs, are thrown into doubt. We fear that our sense of self may collapse so we have to strengthen our position and defend against the perceived attack. We zealously defend our position as if we were defending our life, because we absolutely believe we are. The ego that started out as a safe new home to protect us from the distress of the real world has been defended, repaired and reinforced so many times it has become like a castle. But it is a castle we cannot leave, so in that respect it is more like a prison.
The false-self cannot permanently leave its castle/prison because the false-self is an inherent part of the structure. The ego is the prisoner and the prison, and both are made of the same "material". The ego-self is an ego structure – it can move around the body (in and out of other ego structures) and even out into our aura, but it can never escape from being an ego structure. The true-Self is different; it is made of a subtler material (pure-awareness) which is not bound by the mind and mental constructs (ego structures). The true-Self can easily pass through the prison walls of the ego (like a ghost) because pure awareness exists at a higher/subtler level than the mind. So the true-Self is, always has been, and always will be free. To be free, we only have to shift our awareness from the false-self to the true-Self (this is represented in Figure 8).
Figure 8: Freedom from the Ego
The journey to freedom is not an outwards one. We cannot escape by pushing outwards against the walls of our prison. The journey to freedom is an inward one; towards the true-Self. The journey to freedom is one of Self-discovery. We must get to know our true-Self and then realise that we are, and always have been, our true-Self. It is like waking up from a dream; or perhaps nightmare is a more appropriate term. It is like stepping out of a virtual world into true reality. It is like stepping out of the darkness into the light.
Shifting our awareness from the false-self to the true-Self is not easy. The false ego-self has a powerful hold on us because we have been identified with it for so long. Even though we want freedom, we are afraid to leave. The ego's primary objective is to get us through life without feeling the pain of our repressed psychological wounds. The inner work of awakening goes directly against the ego's objective because it encourages us to feel into our old hurts and inquire into our false core-beliefs, so we need to proceed gently. Only when our desire for freedom exceeds our fear are we truly ready to enter the path.
The Truth About The False-Self
Up until this point I have described the false-self as a highly elaborate thought-form, and it is, but that is not the whole story. A thought-form does not possess enough self-awareness to convince us that this is who we are, and it does not possess enough processing power to run our entire life. So what else is going on?
The true-Self can directly, intimately and fully perceive/experience everything its field of awareness (soul) makes contact with. It literally becomes one with everything it makes contact with. So when the true-Self sees the false-self, the part of the true-Self's awareness that makes contact with the false-self becomes one with the false-self. It is this piece of the true-Self's awareness that vivifies the false-self and literally brings it to life. The true-Self's at-one-ness with the false-self is what makes the false-self appear "real". The true-Self has invested part of its self-awareness in the false-self, so the false-self exists within true-Self, and the false-self's field of awareness exists within the true-Self's field of awareness (as depicted in Figure 9).
Figure 9: The true-Self perceiving the false-self
The part of the true-Self's awareness that is united with the false-self became identified with the false-self when we were about 6-8 months old. It then forgot that it was part of the true-Self and believed it was the false-self. Only part of the true-Self is "asleep" in believing it is the false-self; the rest of our true-Self is awake, unlimited and free. The part of the true-Self that believes it is the false-self is so identified (at-one) with the false-self that it is blind to the vastness of its being. If its perception wasn't so limited, it would realise that it is unlimited. We just need to "wake up" and realise that we are, and always have been, our (entire) true-Self.
Search This Website